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How to Build Survival Fire from Scratch Knowing how to make a fire is one of the most basic outdoor skills. A fire can serve various purposes. It helps you stay warm and dry. It can be used to cook food, clean water and sterilize bandages. It can keep dangerous animals away while the smoke keeps flying insects at bay. Of course, it a good way to signal for help. Selecting a Fireplace Before beginning a fire, you have to find a good spot for it. Pick well for location is rather important. First find a place that is sheltered and protected from the wind and has good supply of wood and fuel fuel. Also make it a point that nothing nearby, such as dry vegetation, can catch fire. As anyone would know, the number priority is always safety. Remove any debris in the area and begin the fire on solid ground, a flat shale of rock or a layer of stones. This will prevent a ground fire as well as leave zero trace of the fire, save for soot stones. Picking Your Material
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To build a fire, you have to do it slowly, starting with tiny pieces of wood, then going on to bigger pieces as the fire picks up.
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Tinder You need a material that will be easy to start a fire with, such as good tinder, which only requires a spark to ignite. Of course, it is important that the tinder is fully dry. There are many things you can use for tinder such as grass, leaves, resin, bark and paper. Spruce and pine trees are sources of resin. Resin burns even when wet though. A knife is all you need to turn dry sticks and pieces of bark into powdery tinder. Remember, tinder is the most important part of your fire so be sure to prepare it right. If you have some resin, cover small twigs and sticks with it. Have a good supply of tinder on hand to keep your fire from going out. Start collecting tinder before you actually need it, and always put it in your backpack or pocket so it’s available when you have to use it. Kindling A highly combustible material, kindling can be added to burning timber to keep the fire going. The best choices are small and dry sticks and twigs. They will easily ignite as soon as you put them on a small flame. Fuel When your fire has established, you can start adding bigger firewood pieces but not without ensuring they are completely dry. Dead trees are some of the best sources of dry firewood. Final Tips As we have mentioned, safety should always be your number one priority when starting a fire. That means never leaving camp until the fire has been out completely. And yes, it helps to check twice or even thrice.